Tag: Clinical manifestation

Pathogenesis and Clinical manifestation of Gardenerella vaginalis 4.76/5 (21)

Pathogenesis and Clinical manifestation of Gardenerella vaginalis

Pathogenesis of Gardenerella vaginalis A. Adherence of G. vaginalis to Host Epithelium: Initial Steps in Invasion The initial steps of establishing infection include adherence to host receptor sites, production of cytotoxic substances specific for host cells, and biofilm formation. vaginais  produces  vaginolysin, a cholesterol-dependent cytolysin, for human cells and encodes a pore-forming toxin that binds […]

Pathogenesis and Clinical manifestation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis 4.5/5 (20)

Pathogenesis and Clinical manifestation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Virulence factors of Mycobacterium tuberculosis A. Mycolic acid and Lipoarabinomannan (LAM) Waxy layer that protects the bacteria from many host factors and also to many antibiotics including beta lactamases. Muramyl dipeptide (from peptidoglycan) complexed with mycolic acids can cause granuloma formation, phospholipids induce caseous necrosis. LAM is structurally and functionally related to the O antigenic […]

Pathogenesis and Clinical Manifestation of Neisseria gonorrhoeae 4.88/5 (17)

Pathogenesis and Clinical Manifestation of Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Virulence factors or antigenic structures of Neisseria gonorrhoeae A. Pili Pili are the hair like appendages that extend up to several micrometers from the gonococcal surface. It mediates the exchange of genetic material between strains and attachment to human mucosal cell surface, invasion of host cells, and survival through the inhibition of phagocytosis. Two types: […]

Clinical manifestation and Pathogenicity of Bacillus cereus 4.8/5 (10)

Clinical manifestation and Pathogenicity of Bacillus cereus

Clinical manifestation of Bacillus cereus A. Food poisoning Two forms of food poisoning: vomiting disease (emetic form) and diarrheal disease (diarrheal form). Emetic form The emetic form of disease results from the consumption of contaminated rice. Most bacteria are killed during the initial cooking of the rice, but the heat-resistant spores survive. If the cooked […]

Virulence factors and Clinical manifestation of Staphylococcus aureus 4.85/5 (13)

Virulence factors and Clinical manifestation of Staphylococcus aureus

Virulence factors of Staphylococcus aureus A. Cell wall components Polysaccharide Capsule: inhibits phagocytosis Peptidoglycan: activates complement, IL-1, chemotactic to PMNs Teichoic acid: species specific, mediate binding to fibronectin Protein A: It binds to the Fc region of IgG and complement ,exerting an anti-opsonin effect. Fibronectin binding protein(FnBP): promote binding to ,mucosal cells and tissue matrices. […]

Clinical manifestation and Pathogenesis of Streptococcus pyogenes 4.75/5 (12)

Clinical manifestation and Pathogenesis of Streptococcus pyogenes

Clinical manifestation and Pathogenesis of Streptococcus pyogenes Virulence factors of Streptococcus pyogenes A. Antigenic structure M protein: rod like coiled structure with two major structural classes; Class I and Class II ;major virulence factor;resist phagocytosis and intracellular killing by polymorphonuclear leukocytes in the absence of antibodies. B. Toxins and enzymes Streptokinase It is also called […]

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